Trabzon is the capital city of the Trabzon province and one of the Black Sea region’s most important areas due to its many historical remnants and beautiful natural landscapes.From monasteries to mountain villages, fortresses to churches, there’s plenty to see in this town that’s yet to be discovered by visitors.The former capital of the Empire of Trebizond, Trabzon was historically known as Trebizond and served as an important port city with Persia in the southeast and the Caucasus to the northeast.Its location on the historic Silk Road also meant that it was a meeting point of religions, languages, and cultures for many centuries.
There is one case of doux applied to the territory of Chaldia, a passage in the Chronicle explaining that the individual in question was the local governor.
The historic structure, located close to the sea, is now a museum and considered one of the most beautiful examples of Byzantine architecture.
Historians believe that the income earned from the Vazelon Monastery, built in 270 AD, went toward the construction of the Sumela Monastery.
His empire lasted until 1461, remarkable given that it was obliged in relatively quick succession after its establishment to become the vassal firstly of the Latin empire at Constantinople, then of the Seljuk Sultan, and in 1282 of the restored empire of Byzantium ruled by Emperor Mikhael VIII Palaiologos.
Its continued reliance on the friendship of its powerful Muslim neighbours is demonstrated by the number of marriage alliances between the imperial family in Trebizond and the rulers of various Turkmen and Mongol groupings.
The empire at Trebizond was founded in 1204 at the eastern end of the southern shore of the Black Sea by Alexios Komnenos, grandson of Emperor Andronikos I, who while still a child had fled Constantinople for Georgia on the overthrow and murder of his grandfather in 1185.